Turkish

Turkish language – easier than you think!

Are you thinking about learning the Turkish language?

You may already know that I live in Turkey, and that’s why I am currently trying to learn Turkish. I can imagine that if you haven’t heard much about this language, it may seem rather exotic to you, not like any language you are familiar with. Let me introduce it to you in a simple way ?

Turkish language learning

Turkish language – it’s easier than you think!

Basic information about Turkish

The Turkish language is a member of the Oghuz group of the Turkic family. It is spoken by around 83 million people worldwide, especially in Turkey and in Northern Cyprus.

Contrary to what you might think, it doesn’t have that much in common with the Arabic language.

A little bit of history…

Turkish language learning

What is more, since 1928 Turkish language uses the Latin script! It happened as a result of reform measures taken by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (the president of Turkey back then).

Under his influence, the Turkish government decided to abandon the Arabic script. And that makes me very happy, otherwise learning this language would be even more challenging! ?

Below, you can see the full Turkish alphabet:

A B C Ç D E F G Ğ H I İ J K L

M N O Ö P R S Ş T U Ü V Y Z

As you can see, it is pretty similar to the English alphabet. Most of the letters are pronounced as in English, except for those listed below:

Cc – pronounced like j in a joke

Çç – pronounced like ch in change

Ğğ – surprise! most of the time, this letter is silent or pronounced similar to the y letter

– pronounced similar to i in a ship

Jj – pronounced similar to s in pleasure or like French j

Öö – pronounced like the German ö or French eu (no equivalent in English)

Şş – pronounced like sh in shoe

Üü – pronounced like u in cute

Is Turkish a difficult language?

Well… It is not an easy question to answer. First of all, it is a language very different from European languages. One of the difficulties is the word order, which is opposite to the English one and looks as follows:

Subject-Object-Verb

e.g. Derya sinemaya gidiyor. – Derya is going to the cinema (literally: Derya to the cinema is going).

Another aspect that may seem complicated is the way that the words are formed.

Turkish is one of the agglutinative languages. This means that word-formation and grammatical functions are performed by endings called suffixes.

Suffixes replace, for example, prepositions present in English. In order to illustrate how it works, I will use the following example:

ev – house

eve – to house

evde – in house

evim – my house

Evimdeyim. – I am in my house.

Piece of cake, isn’t it? ?

I admit that it seemed super strange to me at first. Fortunately, after some time of speaking this language, I got used to the way it functions. Now, creating the sentences seems much more natural.

I hope it didn’t scare you too much! To reassure you, let me mention that there are also many aspects of the Turkish language that are really simple and fun.

One of them is pronunciation, which in many languages causes a lot of problems for beginners (e.g. French). I have good news for you! In Turkish, almost everything is pronounced as it’s written ?

Basic Turkish words

Take a look at the examples below (the pronunciation is simplified):

merhaba (MARE-HA-BA) – hello

nasılsın? (NA-SIL-SIN) – how are you?

evet (EV-ET) – yes

hayır (HI-EAR) – no

So… What do you think about Turkish? I hope this post has provided you with some interesting information. This is the first entry about Turkish, but it won’t be the last! Come back for more soon!

Looking for materials to start studying? Check out the resources for learning Turkish!

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1 Comment

  1. […] myself completed the entire Turkish language course on Babbel. I can say that I learned a lot and liked the course very […]

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